TitleOn the relation between possibilistic logic and modal logics of belief and knowledge
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsBanerjee M, Dubois D, Godo L, Prade H
JournalJournal of Applied Non-Classical Logics (Published online: 05 Mar 2018)

Possibilistic logic and modal logic are knowledge representation frameworks sharing some common features, such as the duality between possibility and necessity, and the decomposability of necessity for conjunctions, as well as some obvious differences since possibility theory is graded. At the semantic level, possibilistic logic relies on possibility distributions and modal logic on accessibility relations. In the last 30 years, there have been a series of attempts for bridging the two frameworks in one way or another. In this paper, we compare the relational semantics of epistemic logics (such as KD45 and S5) with simpler possibilistic semantics of a fragment of such logics that only uses modal formulas of depth 1. This minimal epistemic logic handles both all-or-nothing beliefs and explicitly ignored facts. We also contrast epistemic logic with the S5-based rough set logic. Finally, this paper presents extensions of generalized possibilistic logic with objective and non-nested multimodal formulas, in the style of modal logics KD45 and S5.